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The 2017 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) data and the Health Indicators for 2018 in Mongolia, indicate that the health conditions most associated with disability and amenable to rehabilitation are cardiovascular disease, hypertension, ischemic heart disease, stroke, road injuries, falls, arthritis, neck and low back pain, congenital defects, neonatal disorders, cancer (particularly liver cancer) and mental disorders including depression and stress. Currently, rehabilitation needs are largely unmet.
Estimates of need for rehabilitation are now available from the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation website at These data demonstrate that in Mongolia (based on Global Burden of Disease 2019 data) approximately 2 persons in 7 could benefit from rehabilitation; that is 990, 000 people experienced conditions that could benefit from rehabilitation. Of these 230,000 were affected by fractures. In total for all conditions, in Mongolia, 110,000 years are lived with disability. Musculo-skeletal disorders were, in 2019, by far the most prevalent condition at 24.4k per 100,000 persons (23.2-25.6k); followed by sensory impairments at 7.9k (7.38k-8.50k), neurological disorders 3.21k (3.06k-3.38k), mental disorders at 1.82k(1.46k-2.10k), chronic respiratory diseases at 501 per 100,000 persons (385-615), cardio-vascular disease 373 per 100,000 persons (294-472), and neoplasms 308 per 100,000 persons (88.3-131).
Currently there is no MOH data that directly addresses unmet rehabilitation needs in Mongolia, however the GBD data, together with reports and experiences from practitioners and consumer groups suggest that there is clearly a significant unmet need for rehabilitation in Mongolia.